Stress transition zones within CWR

The location of the stress transition zone is not only limited to the extremities of a continuous welded rail (CWR) track, the case presented in a previous article – CWR stress transition zone.  A stress transition zone may also be present between two fixed zones, inside the CWR. These internal stress transition zones are shorter…

The shortest path …

A long time ago in a country far, far away … The King heard about a new marvel of engineering … in England was invented a monstrous machine. It was moving by its own, magically propelled by coal fire and hot steam! Its speed was higher than the quickest eagle or the fastest horse! It…

Vehicle rollover speed

The Santiago de Compostela derailment occurred on 24 July 2013, when a high-speed train, travelling from Madrid to Ferrol (north-west of Spain) derailed at high speed on a 400 m radius curve, at Angrois, in Santiago de Compostela. Around 140 people were injured and 79 died. Data from the train’s black box revealed that before the start of the curve the train was travelling at…

Thermal forces and broken rails

Rail steel has a considerably higher carbon content (0.7-0.8%), and hence is more brittle than mild steel. A variety of stress concentrating defects in rails, combined with the alternating loads from the passage of traffic, can produce slowly propagating fatigue crack. When this crack attains a critical size it causes an almost instantaneous brittle fracture…

CWR stress transition zone

(prelude to a new PWI Journal article) A stress transition zone is any section of continuous welded rails (CWR) where the thermal force is variable, the longitudinal resistance (p) is active and rail movement occurs due to rail temperature variations. The most common (and well known) location of the stress transition zone is at the…

The rectangular coordinates of the Bloss transition

(Quickly but nostalgically written, remembering the good old days when Taylor was not yet known as the name of a beautiful singer but as the laborious math trick used to solve rather painful Mathematical Analysis problems …) The  deflection angle (θ) of the Bloss transition is: The rectangular equations (x and y) of the curve are…

A day in the life of a jointed track

ΔG = αLΔT°. Free expansion For a free thermal expansion jointed track the rails expand and contract freely and the track components do not provide any resistance to oppose this rail length variation. The joint gap varies linearly relative to the rail temperature. The figure below presents the joint gap variation for a jointed track formed…