Train driving regimes and equilibrium speed

In my previous posts I lightly covered: The various combinations of these forces define the train driving regimes. These are the following (not sure if all the railway networks are defining theme in the same way): A particular case of this regime is where the falling gradient is so steep that it requires the train…

Brake force

And then we have the braking force – the third type of force that influences the train movement. As with the others, this force also depends on speed – mainly due to the speed variation of the friction coefficient (μ) for various brake systems (the forces K that trigger the friction are generally the same):

The Resistance

Before reading this, I recommend reading the previous post – The Traction Force – including its disclaimer.  When a railway vehicle is required to move on track, it needs to overcome a series of resistance forces. We can call the resultant R of all these forces “the running resistance of the vehicle”. If we consider…

Traction force

I’m on my way to explain the principle curvature equivalent gradient. As this is related to a discipline I enjoyed, I choose to go the long way and start with the FORCE. But, before that, a few words of caution: Disclaimer Take this post, and any other that I will write on this subject, with…

What’s the degree of curvature?

… or – How to convert a curve into an angle? In the track design handbook we have a too complex formula that refers to “degree of curvature”. Before discussing about the equivalent gradient, let’s see first what this is – what is the degree of curvature? This measure is used in United States in…

How do the rails buckle?

Disclaimer – this includes a back-of-the-envelope calculation. Take it with a pinch of salt. If a steel beam is exposed to an increased temperature, it will tend to expand. If there is nothing to oppose that expansion, then the beam increases in length by ΔL. If, however, the beam’s ends don’t allow this expansion then…

Which is better – S&C or plain line?

Thank you for visiting this page. I would really appreciate if you could spare a minute and answer the few questions below. I’ll publish the responses with a few comments as soon as enough answers are collected. If you don’t see the form below, please go to this link: Which is better – S&C or…

Cant deficiency converted in percentage of g

As demonstrated in a previous post here: https://pwayblog.com/2015/10/29/11-82_cant-deficiency-un-compensated-acceleration-pway/ , the cant deficiency is the conventional representation of the uncompensated lateral acceleration. And since cant deficiency is an acceleration, we can easily represent it as a percentage of g, the gravitational acceleration. The formula that relates the cant deficiency D to un-compensated lateral acceleration is: The…

Is the surveyed cant the actual cant?

One of the instruments used to survey the track is the rail shoe – an L shaped device placed horizontally on the rail head, that touches laterally the running edge at 14mm below its horizontal arm – see figure 1. The horizontal placement of the shoe is checked using a spirit level. There might be…

What should I write about?

Hello!I am trying to get back to writing on this blog. It would really help me a feedback from you. What do you think I should write about?What railway track subject will interest you the most?Please select only two or maximum three from this list (careful, you will not be able to vote twice). If…